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Propolis to us

Human knowledge of the problems of nutrition, medicine and defense bodies of the bee products mostly come from human curiosity will be the relationship of bees and flowers. Propolis is a non-polar part of the honey. If honey is readily soluble in water, can be mixed with water (polar), propolis is not the case, are similar to oil, balm or wax, insoluble in water and only received the substances would dissolve in it. However, propolis can be mixed with honey, because the nature of a thick honey.

Propolis is a honey bee accessory, purposely built by worker bees for honeycomb becomes sticky to each other. The materials used to build the propolis is a mixture of vegetable gums, resin exudate, faded leaves were selected based on the instinct of bees, germination, pollen, beeswax, and enzymes that exist in the saliva of bees whose main function is used to protect the entrance to its nest at the same time sterilize every bee is about to go into the nest, also prevent penetration of unwanted air pollution, inhibits the growth of bacteria and fungi and the nature of magic, which serves as a balm for wrapping the carcasses of animals killed in the nest (a kind of mummy process), therefore make propolis possess more "unique" than honey itself.


Local H1N1 cases nearly double to 52

Local H1N1 cases nearly double to 52

The Jakarta Post , Jakarta | Fri, 07/10/2009 2:54 PM | Headlines 

The Health Ministry pledged Thursday to do everything possible to curb the spread of the H1N1 variant of influenza A, as the number of confirmed cases nationwide almost doubled to 52 in the last couple of days. 

Minister Siti Fadillah Supari said her office was on high alert, after 24 more people from across the country were reported to have contracted the flu virus. 

"We'll continue thermal scanning at airports to monitor the health of people entering the country," she said at a press conference in Jakarta, adding all 52 cases in Indonesia were of the mild variety. 

Siti added the influenza A virus had now spread beyond the northern part of Sumatra, into Kalimantan province. 

Sixteen of the newly suspected patients are undergoing treatment at three hospitals in Jakarta, while three others were admitted to Adam Malik Hospital in Medan, North Sumatra, one to Bali's Sanglah General Hospital, two to Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Bandung, West Java, and two to Kanujoso Djati Hospital in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan. 

"It seems like it has spread everywhere," Siti said. 

Fourteen of the new patients had traveled aboard prior to contracting the flu. Three are foreigners, while the rest are Indonesian citizens. 

The three suspects undergoing intensive medical treatment in Medan have tested positive for the flu. 

Previously, health expert Handrawan Nadesul had warned of a wider spread of the flu. 

"Influenza A spreads more quickly than bird flu, and Indonesia is always vulnerable because the country's bio-security is weak, due to our being a large country," he said recently in Jakarta. 

"When there was an outbreak of bird flu, people still drove their vehicles to the market and back home to residential areas without having washed their tires," he pointed out. 

"Tires can help spread the virus." 

Siti said the H1N1 virus was no more virulent than the regular flu, but the Health Ministry would remain on the alert. 

"We will prepare the target hospitals, the Tamiflu stock and the labs, and improve our public education campaign regarding the H1N1 flu," she said. 

With health authorities in countries such as Hong Kong and Denmark reporting that some patients are showing resistance to Tamiflu, the WHO-recommended drug to combat the H1N1 infection, Siti said no such cases had been discovered in Indonesia. 

"We will research that possibility," she said, adding if a patient was resistant to Tamiflu, prescriptions of other anti-influenza drugs would suffice. 

The WHO has announced the majority of patients will experience mild symptoms and make a full recovery within a week, often in the absence of any form of medical treatment. 

Handrawan pointed out that despite the fact the H1N1 strain had a low mortality rate, countries like Japan and Singapore were taking more measures to contain its spread. 

"They have gone all out and assigned workers to wipe clean the buttons in elevators or lavatory door handles." 

Siti urged people to adopt hygienic and healthy habits, such as washing their hands and wearing masks if they had caught the flu. 

"It is one of the cheapest and most effective ways of containing the spread of the virus," she said. (adh)

Propolis is a substance that extracts from the resin collected by bees workers specific tasks that seek resin from the leaves that grow new skin and the stem of certain trees. By the worker bees nest in the resin is mixed with a little bees wax, Honey and enzym before eventually becoming Propolis. Propolis useless to ask the hive leak and strengthen the nest. Apart from the functions that Propolis is not less important for the bee is to encase carcasses of animals that enter to the nest not so bees spread the disease. So Propolis is used by bees to sterilize nest, stop the growth and spread of bacteria, viruses and fungi. 

Learning from the effectiveness of Propolis for the bee is the modern man and then use Propolis participate in treatment, especially to stop the growth and spread of bacteria, viruses and fungi. Propolis contains hundreds of chemicals, and scientists have successfully identified a new name and about 30-an of these materials. Propolis composition of the new harvested from the hive, usually consisting of more than 50% resin, 30% bees wax, essential oils 10%, 5% and 5% pollen remnants of the plant. Because the compositions that not all parts of Propolis can be eaten as drugs or food supplements.